Castro de São Caetano

Archaeological Sites

The fertile lands of Minho Valley have always been coveted by the many peoples passing by. The Castro de São Caetano is one of the many fortified protohistoric villages where you can witness the ancient occupancy of this territory. Located on a flat summit on top of Monte de São Caetano, at about one thousand feet high and near to Ribeira da Silva, it was occupied during the Iron Age and later by the Romans. However, its name is far more recent and it’s related to the nearby Capela de São Caetano, a monument built between the 17th and 18th centuries. The ancient hill fort – which has been recently restored and features an Interpretation Centre for supporting the visitors – was constituted by round or rectangular houses, some of these with vestibules or walled yards. The whole village was surrounded by three belt walls. Here have been found many archaeological assets such as pieces of native ceramics imported by the Romans – amphoras and sigilattas – as well as fragments of construction materials such as imbrex and tegula. Besides its archaeological relevance, its privileged location - which was of great value for defense purposes - provides us with magnificent views over Minho Valley.

Monção (Viana do Castelo)

42.04065, -8.4436787