Located in Monte da Cividade, the Cividade of Âncora/Afife runs through the municipalities of Caminha and Viana do Castelo. This cividade (term derived from the Latin word civitas, meaning a tributary state/community during Roman rule) was initially built in the most recent phase of the Iron Age, and was once again inhabited in the Roman period. Influential fortified settlement (castro or hillfort) in the region, it is also one of the most significant archaeological sites in the Iberian Northwest, not only due to its size, but also due to the artefacts found there. Defended by two lines of walls, inside we find circular housing constructions, some with a vestibule, and more recent constructions of rectangular plan, normally arranged around a courtyard. Also noteworthy are other buildings such as a community furnace, a diving fountain and a funerary enclosure with sepulchral boxes. Although much of the castro remains buried, the visible elements allow us to go back in time and imagine life in this village.
Caminha (Viana do Castelo)