This hill fort, along with many others throughout the region, has survived to the passing of centuries, rough weather and human activity to reach present days as a strong witness of our ancestors’ presence.
Up here, in the locality of Castro, parish of Barbeita, you’ll find this forested hill with some granitic outcrops located at about 880 feet above mean sea level. It’s a partially excavated hill fort dated from between the 5th century BC and the 1st century AD. It was named after a nearby chapel dedicated to Nossa Senhora da Assunção, built in the 16th century, in whose proximity some cave paintings were found.
Long ago, this hill fort – along with other riverside ones, such as the Nossa Senhora da Graça – dominated the course of Minho River and its tributaries.
Today, there are still some remains of round and rectangular buildings which constituted the village's acropolis, defended by three lines of walls. Some of these constructions will amaze you as they're so well preserved, and it's not hard to imagine the houses standing, surrounded by the hill fort people fabricating ceramics, iron and bronze weapons and millstones to grind the cereals...
Also, don’t miss the beautiful landscape provided by this hill fort, especially over the Minho Valley and river Mouro.